Tags

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

image_____________________________________________

QUESTION EVERYTHING

_____________________________________________
Taxes for Revenue Are Obsolete:

by Beardsley Ruml,

Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York

(January 1946)
—————————————————————–
https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/2014/08/25/taxes-for-revenue-are-obsolete-by-beardsley-ruml-chairman-of-the-federal-reserve-bank-of-new-york-january-1946/
_____________________________________________
MY CHALLENGE TO THE INTELLECTUAL COWARDS;

be they Attorneys, Lawyers, Legal “Experts,” Federal Tax “Experts,” Legal Assistants, Internal Revenue Service employees or former employees, Judges or former Judges, Legal Professionals, Professors, Tax Professionals, Certified Public Accountants, Wikipedia or Wiki “Tax Protester” challengers, etc.

Prove me wrong about the

INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE

If you do NOT have the GRAPEFRUITS to debate the issues here, do it elsewhere, and let me know on Twitter

@Razor_Cabrone (FEED ME MORE)

JUST BRING IT (#JustBringIt)
_________________________________________________
Wiki(pedia) likes to write about:
——————————————————————
Tax Protester(s)

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tax_protester
——————————————————————
Tax protester(s)

http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Tax_protester
——————————————————————
Tax protester arguments

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tax_protester_arguments
——————————————————————
Tax Protester Dossiers

http://tpgurus.wikidot.com/
——————————————————————
Taxpayer(s)

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxpayer
_________________________________________________
However, what Wiki(pedia) WON’T write about is:

NON-TAXPAYERS

Who are “Non-Taxpayers?
——————————————————————
The term

taxpayer

in this opinion is used in the strict or narrow sense contemplated by the Internal Revenue Code and means a person who pays, overpays, or is subject to pay his own personal income tax

(See Section 7701(a)(14) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954)

A

nontaxpayer

is a person who does not possess the foregoing requisites of a taxpayer
——————————————————————
The revenue laws are a code or system in regulation of tax assessment and collection

They relate to

taxpayers

and not to

nontaxpayers
——————————————————————
Persons who are

not taxpayers

are not within the system and can obtain no benefit by following the procedures prescribed for

taxpayers,

such as the filing of claims or refunds
——————————————————————
[Economy Plumbing and Heating Co. v. U.S.] [470 F.2d 585, at 589]

(1972)

Economy Plumbing and Heating Co. v. United States 470 F.2d 585

Court of Claims

(1972)

Economy Plumbing and Heating v. U.S.,

470 F.2d 585, 589

(1972)
——————————————————————
“The revenue laws … relate to taxpayers, and not to nontaxpayers … for with them Congress does not assume to deal and they are neither of the subject nor of the object of revenue laws”
_________________________________________________
We the People of the United States of America gave the Federal United States the power to TAX:
——————————————————————
The Constitution of the United States

(The Federal Constitution)

Article I

Section 8

To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States,

and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;

—And

To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof
——————————————————————
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html
——————————————————————
http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution
_________________________________________________
The Federal United States has the power to TAX within the District of Columbia and other areas as mentioned above (its jurisdiction), just as any of the several States has the power to TAX within the jurisdiction of the State
_________________________________________________
The Federal United Statesmake(s) all Laws” to TAX

United States Code (U.S.C.); also known as Titles, is where Federal United States‘ Laws can be found

Withholding Tax” provisions can be found at:

Title 26 (USC)

Chapter 24

Section 3401

http://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/United_States_Code/Title_26/Chapter_24/Section_3401
_________________________________________________
Please contact a competent attorney / lawyer for a legal opinion on the definition of the term

INCLUDES

because before you get your first job, you are expected to go into debt to pay for legal opinions to protect your rights

(Yeah, that’s SARCASM)

1. Attorneys / Lawyers usually do NOT care about your rights unless they have received something from you like Federal Reserve Notes (which is NOT money and are NOT backed by gold or silver – Maybe if you had some old Silver Certificate Dollars – but FRN’s clearly indicate that they are “Debt” paper)
——————————————————————
https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/2014/08/24/federal-reserve-notes-frns/
——————————————————————
2. Employers usually do NOT care about your rights

3. Employers will usually tell you that you need to fill out a Federal withholding certificate

4. Employers might tell you that they can NOT hire you unless you fill a Federal withholding certificate out

5. Employers might tell you that same nameless Internal Revenue Service employee told them that you have to fill out a Federal withholding certificate; without citing any law that requires it

6. Employers may do this even if they are a large law firm that has no attorney / lawyer legal opinion letter supporting their position, because as I conveyed in “1,” above, attorneys / lawyers usually do NOT care about your rights

7. You also might be told that you will not be hired or you will be unemployed if you sue
_________________________________________________
INCLUDE(S) defined
—————————————————————–
https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/2014/09/03/includes/
_____________________________________________
IRS tax code 26 USC Section 3401,

Definitions

(c) Employee

For purposes of this chapter, the term

employee

INCLUDES

an

officer,

employee

or

elected official

of the United States,

a State,

or

any political subdivision thereof,

or

the District of Columbia,

or

any agency

or

instrumentality

of any one or more of the foregoing

The term

employee

also

includes

an officer of a corporation
——————————————————————
http://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/United_States_Code/Title_26/Chapter_24/Section_3401
——————————————————————
The above “Withholding Tax” provision applies to:

1.  an officer of the United States

2.  an employee of the United States

3.  an elected official of the United States

4.  an officer of a State

5.  an employee of a State

6.  an elected official of a State

7.  an officer of any political subdivision of a State

8.  an employee of any political subdivision of a State

9.  an elected official of any political subdivision of a State

10.  an officer of the District of Columbia

11.  an employee of the District of Columbia

12.  an elected official of the District of Columbia

13.  an officer of any agency of the United States

14.  an employee of any agency of the United States

15.  an elected official of any agency of the United States

16.  an officer of any instrumentality of the United States

17.  an employee of any instrumentality of the United States

18.  an elected official of any instrumentality of the United States

19.  an officer of any agency of a State

20.  an employee of any agency of a State

21.  an elected official of any agency of a State

22.  an officer of any instrumentality of a State

23.  an employee of any instrumentality of a State

24.  an elected official of any instrumentality of a State

25.  an officer of any agency of any political subdivision of a State

26.  an employee of any agency of any political subdivision of a State

27.  an elected official of any agency of any political subdivision of a State

28.  an officer of any instrumentality of any political subdivision of a State

29.  an employee of any instrumentality of any political subdivision of a State

30.  an elected official of any instrumentality of any political subdivision of a State

31.  an officer of any agency of the District of Columbia

32.  an employee of any agency of the District of Columbia

33.  an elected official of any agency of the District of Columbia

34.  an officer of any instrumentality of the District of Columbia

35.  an employee of any instrumentality of the District of Columbia

36.  an elected official of any instrumentality of the District of Columbia

37.  an officer of a corporation
_________________________________________________
This is supported by:
_________________________________________________
U.S. Code › Title 26 › Subtitle C› Chapter 24 › § 3404
——————————————————————
TITLE 26 – INTERNAL REVENUE CODE
——————————————————————
26 U.S. Code § 3404 – Return and payment by governmental employer

which uses the same terms (except for: an officer of a corporation):

If the employer is the

United States,

or

a State,

or

political subdivision thereof,

or

the District of Columbia,

or

any agency

or

instrumentality

of any one or more of the foregoing,

the return of the amount deducted and withheld upon any wages may be made by any

officer

or

employee

of the United States,

or

of such State,

or

political subdivision,

or

of the District of Columbia,

or

of such agency

or

instrumentality,

as the case may be, having control of the payment of such wages, or appropriately designated for that purpose
_________________________________________________
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/3404
_________________________________________________
This is also supported by:
_________________________________________________
U.S. Code › Title 26 › Subtitle F › Chapter 64 › Subchapter D › Part II › § 6331
——————————————————————
TITLE 26 – INTERNAL REVENUE CODE
——————————————————————
26 U.S. Code § 6331 – Levy and distraint
_________________________________________________
(a) Authority of Secretary

If any person liable to pay any tax neglects or refuses to pay the same within 10 days after notice and demand, it shall be lawful for the Secretary to collect such tax

(and such further sum as shall be sufficient to cover the expenses of the levy)

by levy upon all property and rights to property

(except such property as is exempt under section 6334)

belonging to such person or on which there is a lien provided in this chapter for the payment of such tax

Levy may be made upon the accrued salary or wages

of any

officer,

employee,

or

elected official,

of the United States,

the District of Columbia,

or any agency

or instrumentality

of the United States

or the District of Columbia,

by serving a notice of levy

on the employer

(as defined in section 3401(d))

of such

officer,

employee,

or

elected official
_________________________________________________
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/6331
_________________________________________________
This is also supported by:
_________________________________________________
U.S. Code › Title 4 › Chapter 4 › § 111
——————————————————————
TITLE 4 – FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE STATES
——————————————————————
4 U.S. Code § 111 – Same; taxation affecting Federal employees; income tax
_________________________________________________
(a) General Rule.— The

United States

consents to the

taxation

of pay or compensation for personal service as an

officer

or

employee

of the

United States,

a

territory

or

possession

or

political subdivision thereof,

the

government

of the

District of Columbia,

or an

agency

or

instrumentality

of one or more of the foregoing,

by a

duly constituted taxing authority

having

jurisdiction,

if the

taxation

does not discriminate against the

officer

or

employee

because of the

source

of the

pay

or

compensation
_________________________________________________
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/4/111
_________________________________________________
The legal definition of the term

INCLUDE

is:
——————————————————————
INCLUDE(S) (verb)

absorb,

adscribere,

be composed of,

be formed of,

be made up of,

begird,

boast,

bound,

bracket,

circumscribe,

classify,

close in,

combine,

compass,

comprehend,

comprehendere,

consist of,

contain,

cover,

embody,

embrace,

encircle,

engird,

envelop,

girdle,

hold,

incorporate,

involve,

merge,

put a barrier around,

span,

subsume,

surround,

take in,

unify,

unite

The less is always included in the greater
——————————————————————
THE LESS is ALWAYS INCLUDED IN the GREATER
——————————————————————
The inclusion of one thing is the exclusion of another
——————————————————————
THE INCLUSION of ONE THING IS the EXCLUSION of ANOTHER

Supreme Court of the United States CASES COMING
——————————————————————
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/_/dict.aspx?rd=1&word=include
——————————————————————
This MEANS that the term

INCLUDES

ONLYincludes” the terms that come AFTER the term

INCLUDES

If this were NOT the case, there would be no need for the sentence:
——————————————————————
The term

employee

also

INCLUDES

an officer of a corporation
——————————————————————
Why would

“an officer of a corporation”

NOT be

INCLUDED

in the term

EMPLOYEE

if this were NOT the case ?
_________________________________________________
The legal definition of the term

EMPLOYEE

is:
——————————————————————
EMPLOYEE (noun)

a person who is hired for a wage, salary, fee or payment to perform work for an employer

This is important to determine if one is acting as employee when injured (for worker’s compensation) or when he/she causes damage to another, thereby making the employer liable for damages to the injured party
——————————————————————
http://dictionary.law.com/Default.aspx?selected=621
——————————————————————
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/_/dict.aspx?rd=1&word=employee
——————————————————————
EMPLOYEE (noun)

The definition of an employee is one who works for someone else or a company in exchange for wages or some other agree-to compensation
——————————————————————
Why would

the term

employee

NOT

INCLUDE

an officer of a corporation ?
_________________________________________________
Further support for this can be found be researching where

INCLUDES

is used elsewhere in the Federal United States Code (Titles)
——————————————————————
U.S. Code › Title 1 › Chapter 1 › § 1

1 U.S. Code § 1 – Words denoting number, gender, and so forth
——————————————————————
the words

“insane”

and

insane person

shall

INCLUDE

every idiot,

insane person,

and

person non compos mentis
——————————————————————
IF

INCLUDE

did NOT

MEAN

that ONLY that which comes AFTER the term

INCLUDE

is

INCLUDED

in the definition, then there would be no need for the definition to read:

INSANE PERSON

shall

INCLUDE

INSANE PERSON
——————————————————————
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/1/1
_________________________________________________
Additionally:

Title 10

Definitions

U.S. Code › Title 10 › Subtitle A› Part I › Chapter 1 › § 101

10 U.S. Code § 101 – Definitions
——————————————————————
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/10/101
——————————————————————
US Code Title 10 Subtitle A Part I Chapter 1 Section 101

10 U.S.C. § 101 : US Code – Section 101: Definitions
——————————————————————
http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/10/A/I/1/101
——————————————————————
(f) Rules of Construction.— In this title—

(4) “includes

MEANS

INCLUDES

BUT is NOT LIMITED TO
——————————————————————
If Title 26 (U.S.C.) meant for the term

INCLUDES

to NOT be LIMITED, it would have the above notice as Title 10 (USC)

However, Title 26 only indicates:
_________________________________________________
U.S. Code › Title 26 › Subtitle F› Chapter 79 › § 7701

26 U.S. Code § 7701 – Definitions

When used in this title, where not otherwise distinctly expressed or manifestly incompatible with the intent thereof—

(c) Includes and including

The terms

INCLUDES

and

INCLUDING

when used in a definition contained in this title shall not be deemed to exclude other things otherwise within the meaning of the term defined
_________________________________________________
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/7701
_________________________________________________
Black’s Law Dictionary

definition of EMPLOYEE
——————————————————————
This word is from the French,

but has become somewhat naturalized in our language

Strictly and etymologically, it

means

a person employed,’

but, in practice in the French language,

it ordinarily is used to signify

a person in some official employment,

and as generally used with us,

though perhaps not confined to any official employment,

it is understood to

mean

some permanent employment or position

The word is more extensive than

clerk

or

officer

It signifies any one in place, or having charge or using a function, as well as one in office
——————————————————————
The word is more extensive than

clerk

or

OFFICER
——————————————————————
See Ritter v. State, 111 Ind.324, 12 N. E. 501;
——————————————————————
Palmer v. Van Santvoord, 153 N. Y. 612, 47 N. E. 915, 38 L. R. A.402;
——————————————————————
Prick Co. v. Norfolk & O. V. R. Co., 86 Fed. 738, 32 C. C. A. 31;
——————————————————————
People v. Board of Police, 75 N. Y. 38;
——————————————————————
Finance Co v. Charleston, 0. & C. R. Co. (C. C.) 52 Fed. 527;
——————————————————————
State v. Sarlls, 135 Ind. 195, 34 N. E. 1129;
——————————————————————
Hopkins v. Cromwell, 89 App. Div. 481, 85 N. Y.Supp. S39.
_________________________________________________
http://thelawdictionary.org/employee/
_________________________________________________
So, for the sake of argument, since the above definition indicates

The word is more extensive than

OFFICER

even if one takes the position that

officer of a corporation

is different from an “EMPLOYEE

and takes the position that this

means that in the above definition

employee

INCLUDES

an

officer,

employee

then instead of asking the question:

Why would an

officer of a corporation

NOT be an EMPLOYEE

the question would be:

Why would an

officer of a corporation

NOT be INCLUDED in the above definition:

employee

INCLUDES

an

OFFICER

if the Federal United States Congress

meant

for the terms

EMPLOYEE

and

OFFICER

after the term

INCLUDES

to be SEPARATE from the rest of the definition which comes after those words ?
_________________________________________________
STATE” in the above definition MEANS:
_________________________________________________
U.S. Code › Title 26 › Subtitle F › Chapter 79 › § 7701

26 U.S. Code § 7701 – Definitions

When used in this title, where not otherwise distinctly expressed or manifestly incompatible with the intent thereof—

(10) State

The term

State

shall be construed to

INCLUDE

the District of Columbia,

where such construction is necessary to carry out provisions of this title
_________________________________________________
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/7701
_________________________________________________
This MEANS that the definition would actually be read as:
——————————————————————
(c) Employee

For purposes of this chapter, the term

employee

INCLUDES

an

officer,

employee

or

elected official of the United States,

the District of Columbia,

or

any political subdivision thereof,

or

the District of Columbia,

or

any agency

or

instrumentality of any one or more of the foregoing

The term

employee

also

includes

an officer of a corporation
_________________________________________________
This is because the States of the United States of America are NOT referred to as justTHE STATES

In the Constitution they are theseveral States
——————————————————————
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html
——————————————————————
http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution
_____________________________________________
STATE(S) DEFINED

https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/2014/08/24/states/
_________________________________________________
UNITED STATES” in the above definition MEANS:
_________________________________________________
(9) United States

The term

United States

when used in a geographical sense

INCLUDES

only the States

and

the District of Columbia
_________________________________________________
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/7701
_________________________________________________
This MEANS that the definition would actually be read as:
——————————————————————
(c) Employee

For purposes of this chapter, the term

employee

INCLUDES

an

officer,

employee

or

elected official of the District of Columbia,

the District of Columbia,

or

any political subdivision thereof,

or

the District of Columbia,

or

any agency

or

instrumentality of any one or more of the foregoing

The term

employee

also

includes

an officer of a corporation
_____________________________________________
UNITED STATES DEFINED

https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/2014/08/24/united-states/
_________________________________________________
MORE SUPPORTING DEFINITIONS FROM the UNITED STATES CODE (Titles) COMING
——————————————————————
Please contact a competent attorney / lawyer for a legal opinion on this information, because YOU are usually the only one that cares about yourrights

The United States Federal Government usually does NOT care about YOURrights

The United States Federal Government has different types of jurisdictions

1. Exclusive

2. Concurrent

3. Partial

The 1st major United States Federal Government work on Federal jurisdiction was:

Jurisdiction over Federal Areas within the States

http://www.constitution.org/juris/fjur/1fj1-3.htm

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER

Office of the Attorney General, Washington, D.C., April 27, 1956.

JURISDICTION OVER FEDERAL AREAS WITHIN THE STATES …

http://www.defendruralamerica.com/files/DSJurisdictionReport1957.pdf

Report of the Interdepartmental Committee for Study of Jurisdiction over Federal … Washington, D.C., April 27, 1956

Therefore, the United States Federal Government may have one or more of the above types of Federal jurisdiction (or more) within one of the several States, and may refer to their area as a “STATE”
_____________________________________________
What’s Social Security and a Social Security Number (SSN) have to do with it ?
_____________________________________________
The Social Security Act,

Pub.L. 74–271,

49 Stat. 620,

enacted August 14, 1935,

now codified as

42 U.S.C. ch. 7

TITLE XI- GENERAL PROVISIONS

DEFINITIONS SECTION 1101. (a) When used in this Act-

(1) The term

State

(except when used in section 531)

INCLUDES

Alaska,

Hawaii,

and

the District of Columbia

(2) The term

United States

when used in a geographical sense

MEANS

the States,

Alaska,

Hawaii,

and

the District of Columbia

(At the time, Alaska and Hawaii were NOT part of the “several States”)
_____________________________________________
Social Security
—————————————————————–
https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/2014/08/27/social-security/
__________________________________________________________________________________________
WHEN YOU HEARD A PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT THAT YOU NEEDED A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER or SOMEONE TOLD YOU THAT YOU NEEDED A SSN

THAT WAS A LIE
—————————————————————
AN ACT to provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several States
_____________________________________________
the SEVERAL STATES
_____________________________________________
Brady v. U.S.,

397 U.S. 742, at page 748

(1970)

Waivers of Constitutional Rights, not only must they be voluntary, they must be knowing intelligent acts done with sufficient awareness
_____________________________________________
Supreme Court of the United States (#SCOTUS)
—————————————————————–
https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/2014/08/24/supreme-court-of-the-united-states-scotus/
_____________________________________________
KNOW YOUR JURISDICTION
_____________________________________________
http://www.constitution.org/juris/fedjur1.htm
_____________________________________________
For Tax purposes, if you are a citizen of the United States residing in the State of Texas, you are considered a non-resident alien as concerns the other 49 States of the Union

The same applies to the Federal United States

If you are a citizen of the United States residing in the State of Texas, for Tax purposes you are considered a non-resident alien as concerns the Federal United States

Of course, if you “voluntarily” sign up for Social Security, the United States Federal Government is going to take it as meaning that you want to be treated as a (Federal) United States citizen instead of a citizen of the United States (a citizen of one of the several States)
_____________________________________________
Please contact a competent attorney / lawyer for a legal opinion
_____________________________________________
Articles
—————————————————————–
https://wikipediaint.wordpress.com/about/

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